If avoidable complications arise as a result of an improper surgery, and the patient was not properly informed on the potential risks that went with their procedure, there may be the basis for an informed consent surgical negligence claim.
Because of the implications associated with refusing treatment for a major ailment, it can be difficult to prove that you would not have gone ahead with your surgery had you been fully aware of its potential drawbacks.
Still, with the likes of cosmetic surgery, where the procedure is entirely elective, it can happen that an unanticipated side effect presents a significant impairment for the patient. In that instance, if informed consent was not given, surgical negligence may have occurred.
There may also be situations in which a surgeon is more confident in surgery as the best course of action, even though another, more conservative treatment plan may actually be more appropriate.
Laser treatment, for instance, has made major strides in recent years and can present fewer risks than a surgical procedure with a similar purpose.